Dystopian stories are the inverse of Utopian stories. While Utopia is a perfect society, a Dystopia is a society where one is hard-pressed to find anything going right. A Dystopian society is a nightmare. Dystopian fiction is the victory of absolute reason over the value of kindness. It is a society with a boot on its throat. These often appear as futuristic societies that grew from things our present society is doing wrong and failed to correct. Frequently, these things include dehumanization, totalitarian government, or some sort of cataclysm, such as man made events (nuclear war) or natural disasters (asteroid). The purpose is usually to draw to attention to real-world problems society faces in the present so the readers can change the course of events by influencing others.
The most common themes in Dystopian works include religion, politics, economics, social stratification, nature, violence, and in science fiction: technology run amok.
In Science Fiction Dystopian novels, technology is usually featured to bring home how dangerous certain types of technologies can be for society and the individual.
Navigate to Science Fiction