Ray Bradbury on Writing

Ray Bradbury on writing
Photo by Alan Light

Ray Bradbury on Writing

(photo by Alan Light)

 

Biography from www.RayBradbury.com

“Ray Bradbury, recipient of the 2000 National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, the 2004 National Medal of Arts, and the 2007 Pulitzer Prize Special Citation, died on June 5, 2012, at the age of 91 after a long illness. He lived in Los Angeles.

In a career spanning more than seventy years, Ray Bradbury has inspired generations of readers to dream, think, and create. A prolific author of hundreds of short stories and close to fifty books, as well as numerous poems, essays, operas, plays, teleplays, and screenplays, Bradbury was one of the most celebrated writers of our time. His groundbreaking works include Fahrenheit 451, The Martian Chronicles, The Illustrated Man, Dandelion Wine, and Something Wicked This Way Comes. He wrote the screenplay for John Huston’s classic film adaptation of Moby Dick, and was nominated for an Academy Award. He adapted sixty-five of his stories for television’s The Ray Bradbury Theater, and won an Emmy for his teleplay of The Halloween Tree. In 2005, Bradbury published a book of essays titled Bradbury Speaks, in which he wrote: In my later years I have looked in the mirror each day and found a happy person staring back. Occasionally I wonder why I can be so happy. The answer is that every day of my life I’ve worked only for myself and for the joy that comes from writing and creating. The image in my mirror is not optimistic, but the result of optimal behavior.

He is survived by his four daughters, Susan Nixon, Ramona Ostergren, Bettina Karapetian, and Alexandra Bradbury, and eight grandchildren. His wife, Marguerite, predeceased him in 2003, after fifty-seven years of marriage.

Throughout his life, Bradbury liked to recount the story of meeting a carnival magician, Mr. Electrico, in 1932. At the end of his performance Electrico reached out to the twelve-year-old Bradbury, touched the boy with his sword, and commanded, Live forever! Bradbury later said, I decided that was the greatest idea I had ever heard. I started writing every day. I never stopped.”

Ray Bradbury on writing:

  1. The good writers touch life often. The mediocre ones run a quick hand over her. The bad ones rape her and leave her for the flies.
  2. Every morning I jump out of bed and step on a landmine. The landmine is me. After the explosion, I spend the rest of the day putting the pieces together.
  3. You must write every single day of your life… You must lurk in libraries and climb the stacks like ladders to sniff books like perfumes and wear books like hats upon your crazy heads.I wish you a wrestling match with your Creative Muse that will last a lifetime. I wish craziness and foolishness and madness upon you. May you live with hysteria, and out of it make fine stories — science fiction or otherwise. Which finally means, may you be in love every day for the next 20,000 days. And out of that love, remake a world.
  4. If you want to write, if you want to create, you must be the most sublime fool that God ever turned out and sent rambling. You must write every single day of your life. You must read dreadful dumb books and glorious books, and let them wrestle in beautiful fights inside your head, vulgar one moment, brilliant the next.
  5. You must stay drunk on writing so reality cannot destroy you.
  6. You grow ravenous. You run fevers. You know exhilarations. You can’t sleep at night, because your beast-creature ideas want out and turn you in your bed. It is a grand way to live.
  7. Your intuition knows what to write, so get out of the way.
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Books I’d Love To Read…(October 15th 2017)

Books I'd love to read
the cryptic crossword caper

The Cryptic Crossword Caper

Mags, recently widowed, has retired to tiny Buck’s Gap off the Big Sur coast, content to work her crosswords and discuss mysteries with her book club. Then she discovers the body of a murder victim, a professional puzzle-maker, and is drawn into the investigation. Soon a glamorous FBI agent arrives in town trying to find some stolen diamonds from a long-ago heist that she thinks may be connected. Mags is happy to help the police chief, but she may have bitten off more than she can chew. Fortunately, she has the Buck’s Gap Women’s Auxiliary by her side.

There are several puzzles in the book which can be worked by the reader, including a hybrid cryptic crossword, a Sudoku, and two cryptograms. These provide clues to the murder. The crossword and Sudoku are available online where they can be worked interactively or downloaded and printed out to be worked on paper. Details on how to do so are available in the Appendix. Find this book at The Cryptic Crossword Caper.

the rogue mountains by joshua tarquinio

The Rogue Mountains by Joshua Tarquinio

The end of times hadn’t been the end of times. It wasn’t even the end of Pittsburgh. But what else to call it? Heaven and Hell and all the other planes had opened up on Earth and the battle was fought. But then it ended, and everything was still here, albeit with more than a few new additions to the taxonomy. If the end of times had come and gone, had God gone too? The Creative had given no sign, renewing the faith of some, destroying that of others. One question prevailed. Whether or not God was still around, what would be the place of mankind in the order of things? As this story begins, Del Ballantine, monster hunter, arrives in a small mountain town to help with the infestation. He soon learns it won’t be as easy as the last ten or so places. One mountain is home to a witch. Another mountain, home to a primordial beast only one man ever lived to speak of. That man hadn’t been able to say much before he went insane though. Ariana, Jeremy, and Reggie make up the house band at the Foothill Hotel and Bar. Though Reggie is content to go with the flow, his band mates are becoming frustrated with their situation. Jeremy, too talented to stay where he is, must care for his nightmare plagued mother. Ariana, who hasn’t yet found herself, finds that the thrills she once easily extracted from her middle-of-nowhere town are beginning to lose their luster. Along the way, Ballantine meets the curmudgeon taxidermist and his uncommonly attractive wife, the no-nonsense hotel owner and her mute husband, a cocksure world traveler come to try his hand at hunting game from Hell, wood devils, shug monkeys, hunner dyers, hellcats, a ghost, and Jessica among many others. There’s action and suspense, magic and mayhem, sex and violence, mixed emotions and questionable deeds. Can the people take their mountains back? And whether or not they succeed, will they find their place?  Find this book at The Rogue Mountains.

Culture Man by Guy Cook

Culture Man by Guy Cook

Rob’s “Year of Culture” gave him purpose last year: to perform and blog about a cultural activity each week. This year he’s at a loss until a mix-up at his ex-girlfriend Marianne’s laboratory leads to limited superpowers. He resolves to win the local tennis tournament, the Hampshire Cup. His best friend, Paul, and his physio, Kate—who can’t resist a superhero on the books—help him. Meanwhile, a supervillain stalks Winchester stealing cultural artefacts—all of which, oddly, have featured in Rob’s blog. Nicknamed the Velvet Vandal by the local press, the crimes become more ambitious and Rob is drawn in.

Soon he, Paul, Kate and Marianne are entangled in a summer of mystery and adventure. Who is the Velvet Vandal? What role does Marianne’s sinister professor play? And can Rob’s powers lead him to discover his true calling? Amongst the rooftop battles, daring raids on an Oxford laboratory, hopes of romance, an escaped anteater, and the morally dubious attempt to win the Hampshire Cup, a thrilling climax approaches. Find this one at Culture Man.

Dreams of a Broken Man

Dreams of a Broken Man by Roger Bray

On a cold, misty night in Eugene, Oregon Hazel Reed disappears from outside her ex-husband’s home. Hazel is stunningly beautiful, intelligent and unfaithful. So when she vanishes without a trace a jealous ex-husband is the natural suspect. Alex says she came to reconcile but, the DA thinks otherwise and Alex is convicted and imprisoned for Hazel’s murder. His sister, Alice, refuses to believe that he is a capable of such an act.
Three years pass and the last appeal fails. Alex is in jail and Alice is desperate and alone; until a chance meeting gives her hope.
As her new friend, Steve, helps her peel away the hidden truths and fragile lies holding the prosecution case together they realise that they are revealing a deeper and more sinister mystery.
Without them knowing, finding out what happened to Hazel has become a race against time. You can find this book at Dreams of a Broken Man.

Backyard Adventures: Mad Dog by Remmy Meggs

Backyard Adventures: Mad Dog by Remmy Meggs, 20 pages, RWP Books, September 4th 2017, Genre: Imagination and Play/Children.

Review by Leigh Holland.

Backyard Adventures: Mad Dog is the second book in the Backyard Adventures series. A short read, it can be completed in a solid thirty minute sitting. The series focuses on the world surrounding Lucas, an eight-year-old boy, and the loving and loyal pets that inhabit that world. While the first book, “The Dragon”, was more lighthearted, “Mad Dog” is a spooky ghost tale, a fortunate find for my reading list for the month of October.

Meggs expands Lucas’ world to include other families and events. In this installment, we meet Colin, a boy at Lucas’ school, and Colin’s faithful dog, Rusty. Rusty is a champion working dog, a loyal and trusted companion and friend to Colin. This work deals with more weighty issues than “The Dragon” did, with themes of justice for innocent victims, our very human need to see what we think would be the final wishes of those victims come to fruition, and our society’s inability in the 60’s to take drunk driving seriously. It was an engaging read, making me feel sad, angry, and yet hopeful; one I had to finish to see how it turned out. The ending also hints at further ghost involvement to come, which is great for me since I love ghost stories. I’m very interested to see where Meggs takes the next tale.

I’d recommend this book to anyone looking for a spooky short read. You can find it Mad Dog.

About the Author:

Remmy Meggs has written YA action-adventure novels and is working on others.

When Remmy’s dog, his best friend, was out playing, a truck’s bumper hit her in the head and killed her instantly. Remmy went out with a blanket and picked the dog up. Before he reached the house, he had a heart attack. The doctors said that, had it not been for his swimming and bike riding, he would have died.

Complications set in, Remmy’s blood circulation was not right, and they were going to amputate his legs. His legs were saved but he was wheelchair bound, never to walk more than a few feet again. It took three years of retraining, and technicians to even get him to do that.

At that point, Remmy sat in front of his computer for the first time in years for more than an hour. He stared at the screen, and almost gave up. He read a story on the internet about boys and said to himself, “That is bull! That is not what boys talk or act like,” that’s when Remmy began to write.

He spends his time writing, playing a few online games with friends and movies he can get, and listens to music. Remmy sleeps about twelve hours on and off each day. We hope you enjoy his work as much as we do.

~Remmy’s friends and fans

Backyard Adventures: The Dragon by Remmy Meggs

Backyard Adventures: The Dragon by Remmy Meggs, 26 pages, RWP Books, January 28th 2017, Genre: Anthologies/Children/Fantasy.

Review by Leigh Holland.

As readers of my blog know, I have a penchant for pets and short fiction. When this set of short reads was suggested to me, I couldn’t resist. Currently, there are two releases in the Backyard Adventures books. I enjoyed “The Dragon” so much I’ll be getting the second one as well.

The series takes place in the 1960’s, a time when people could focus more on life and be in the moment without so many modern distractions. In “The Dragon”, we get to know a delightful family. I loved the characters presented in this book. Meggs did a wonderful job introducing us to them over such a short span of time. The men of the family are veterinarians, always focused on helping and saving animals. Naturally, I was endeared to them right away. But the star of the book is Lucas, the eight-year-old son of the family. Meggs reminds us what it’s like to be a child, to see through a child’s eyes. It was an eyebrow-raising experience to realize how we adults often so easily dismiss the fears and concerns of children. We are trying to calm and reassure the child, but it doesn’t have that effect. Instead, the child simply learns that adults can’t see the world the way they do, well, until a monster actually does get them. Understanding this mindset is crucial to the events that follow involving the “dragon”. Let me just say, Lucas is a very brave and honorable boy.

I thoroughly enjoyed this short read. This book lightened my heart by the end, inspiring nostalgia in me for a past decade and the things important to me in my childhood. I’d recommend it to middle grade and adult readers alike. I look forward to reading further in this series. You can find this one at The Dragon.

Book Description

When you are raised in a house that looks brand new, in never occurs to you that the graveyard in the back, and the house itself are over one hundred years old. It never occurs to you how many children have disappeared from the area, and it never occurs to you that the house and the property are haunted. Of course the graveyard should have been the first sign that all was not right.Spend time with Lucas Toby and his friends.

About the Author

Remmy Meggs has written YA action-adventure novels and is working on others.

When Remmy’s dog, his best friend, was out playing, a truck’s bumper hit her in the head and killed her instantly. Remmy went out with a blanket and picked the dog up. Before he reached the house, he had a heart attack. The doctors said that, had it not been for his swimming and bike riding, he would have died.

Complications set in, Remmy’s blood circulation was not right, and they were going to amputate his legs. His legs were saved but he was wheelchair bound, never to walk more than a few feet again. It took three years of retraining, and technicians to even get him to do that.

At that point, Remmy sat in front of his computer for the first time in years for more than an hour. He stared at the screen, and almost gave up. He read a story on the internet about boys and said to himself, “That is bull! That is not what boys talk or act like,” that’s when Remmy began to write.

He spends his time writing, playing a few online games with friends and movies he can get, and listens to music. Remmy sleeps about twelve hours on and off each day. We hope you enjoy his work as much as we do.

~Remmy’s friends and fans

The Tell All (Locust Point Mystery Book 1) by Libby Howard

The Tell All (Locust Point Mystery Book 1) by Libby Howard, 153 pages, July 24th, 2017, Format: Kindle. Genre: Women Sleuths, Ghosts, Mystery. Warning: May Contain Spoilers.

Review by Leigh Holland.

A quick and charming read, The Tell All by Libby Howard is a fresh take on the cozy mystery. Kay Carrera is a sixty-year-old widow, having recently lost her husband of many years. Prior to that loss, she dealt with not being able to have kids and her husband’s debilitating illness. Kay’s had some rough life experiences. However, she doesn’t let the past weigh her down. She is determined to move forward and build a renewed life for herself. What makes this a fresh take? Most modern American cozy mysteries jump into the action and plot pretty quickly. Howard gives us time to get to know Kay. Kay doesn’t feel like a stock character by the time the action begins. Kay feels like a real person, heading into a scary and exciting new phase of her life. Other characters are also introduced and we get to know a little more about them before the plot takes off.

Although a few hints and a couple of clues dot the landscape over the first half of the book, the bulk of the investigation takes place over the last half of the pages. In fact, it felt like it was over too fast. The story was believable; the characters relatable. Howard makes it a breeze to sympathize with the main character and her supporting cast. The plot was interesting, although I figured out the solution a bit earlier than I would’ve liked. As for the writing, the engaging style kept me turning the pages, although I did find a couple of minor editing errors in the text.

I’d recommend this one to readers who like cozy mysteries and quick reads of around an hour. I look forward to reading the next book and seeing how Kay’s new life develops.

You can find this one at The Tell All.

Book Description:

Life at sixty isn’t quite what Kay Carrera expected. She’s working as a skip-tracer for a PI who is desperate to land his own reality TV show. She has a new roommate who arrived with more than the usual amount of baggage. And her attempts at knitting are less than stellar – way less than stellar. Worse, the cataract surgery that restored her sight has also delivered an unexpected and disturbing side-effect.

Kay sees ghosts. And when the dead turn to her for help, she just can’t say no.

About the Author:

Libby Howard lives in a little house in the woods with her sons and two exuberant bloodhounds. She occasionally knits, occasionally bakes, and occasionally manages to do a load of laundry. Most of her writing is done in a bar where she can combine work with people-watching, a decent micro-brew, and a plate of Old Bay wings.

Available Now: Only Human (Act One) by Leigh Holland

 

As advertised at Planetebooks! As featured at Shout My Book.

Both e-book and paperback now available at Amazon at Only Human.
Check out the book trailer at Only Human Book Trailer.
Hardcover and Large Print available at Lulu Books.
The website for the book series is at Only Human Book.
Check out reviews of Only Human at  Only Human at Tome TenderThe Writer’s Scrap Bin. And also at Underrated Reads.
Check it out!

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20 Surefire Ways You Can Evoke The Right Mood In Your Readers

20 Surefire Ways You Can Evoke The Right Mood In Your Readers

By Leigh Holland

In the field of linguistics, scientists study the effects of words on those who read or hear them, as well as which words produce the most and least pleasing sounds, determining which words are therefore more likely to survive the passage of time.

When we see an image or object and associate the word describing it inside our minds, they become interchangeable. When we do it with sounds, this sound association is known as phonosemantics. This abstraction of sounds opens the floodgate for feeling or mood also associated with those abstractions, an event known as “ideasthesia”.

It may seem incredible that a sound or string of sounds can inspire feelings and moods in those who read or hear them. When I first heard this, I scoffed inwardly, “Yeah, right, as if my mind is that gullible.” Then I tested it. Here we go!

Marilyn.

What popped into your head? Was it either Marilyn Monroe, Marilyn Manson, or a person you know or knew named Marilyn? If so, that’s an example of how word association summons forth images, feelings, and ideas.

marilyn-monroe-1270659_1280.png

Let’s try another.

Creepy.

I immediately thought of Halloween, horror films, ghosts, and scary noises. Most of those scary sounds made a creak or squeal type of sound. Now I’m ready to read a Stephen King book. Did you notice what these words had in common? They all have a long ee sound in them. The long ee sound is subconsciously associated with a mood for horror and thrills.

halloween-997307_640.jpg

Our minds store information and categorize things so we can make sense of the world as we encounter it day by day. Sleep is a lot like a defrag program for our minds. It makes sense that our mental method of categorizing would lead to word and sound associations.

How do we use these associations to our benefit in storytelling and writing?

One: Content is always more important than sound associations.

Two: Sound symbols can add something special to your writing when placed in an appropriate scene.

Three: Be subtle when using this technique.

  1. Mood: Violent, Intimidating. “B” sounds found in words such as: belt, beat, bash, bang, blow, bully, bounce, bitch, barbarian, barbarous, bat, boom, bone, bossy, brag, boast, bluster, brazen, bury, blatant, bad, box, brawl, jab, grab, blast, rob, clobber, bump, bruise, bust, brutal, bouncer, boxer, butting, brow-beat, beefy, bothersome, brawn, bellicose, squabble, bigot, bounder, bold, brash, bucolic, buffoon, slobber, bawl, bray, bellyache, blood.
  2. Mood: Terrifying, Scary, Cringing. “EE”, “C” and “T-R” sounds found in such words as: tossed, turned, trouble, terror, tormented, twitch, tremble, tremendous, tantrum, tempest, tornado, tirade, twisting, twirling, torrent, trumpet, tyrant, grief, eerie, creepy, weird, evil, demon, screech, squeal, squeak, beseech, plead, scream, shriek, keen, weep, banshee, gleam, creatures, features, feverish, fearsome, fear, hear, heed, deed, dreary, creak, eerie, cringing, cranny, crevice, cavern, chasm, cloister, confined, cover, cove, closed, cubicle, cupboard, closet, corner, crater, cavity, cleft, crack, recess, cradle, crib, cower, creep, catacomb.
  3. Mood: Humorous, Comedic, Slapstick, Cheerful. “J” , “DGE”, “CH” and “B” sounds found in words such as: jumble, bumble, stumble, big, broad, beam, barrel, bloated, belly, ball, bollocks, bust, bosom, boobs, breasts, jolly, tub, buttocks, booty, bum, base, bottom, backside, bluff, burly, bulging, buttery, beautiful, benign, benevolent, blessed, bountiful, blimp, blooming, bulbous, burgeoning, billowing, orb, bouncing, babbling, globe, knob, basket, baggy, bowl, bubble, flabby, shambles, slobber, gobble, blob, buffoon, fumble, blush, imbibe, booze, embarrass, jaunt, jamboree, chuckle, cherish, chirp, jester, joy, enjoy, cheerful, chaff, charm, chant, chortle, cheeky, chit-chat, exchange, jingle, rejoice, jovial, jest, joke, jive, jig, jazz, jumping, jabber, jeering, jag, jape, jog, junket, jitterbug, jug, jar, joint, touch, chin.
  4. Mood: Lofty, Aspiring. “A” and “H” sounds found in such words as: sage, ascend, aviator, audacious, azure, aloft, angelic, again, aspire, avian, alert, agile, aware, attentive, awake, lark, hope, heaven, human, high, holiness, holidays, holy, happy, host, harmony, ghost, heave, honesty, sigh, howl, heart, hearth, earth, wholeness, haughty, hilltop, hierarchy, head, hankering, honor, humility.angel-749625_640.jpg
  5. Mood: Defeat, Despair, Death, Suffering. “D” and “H” sounds found in such words as: defeat, despair, depression, death, die, down, dumps, dodo, dead, done, dumb, dingy, drop, dim, droop, dank, dark, dreary, doleful, dire, dismal, dread, demotion, dismiss, degradation, dungeon, curmudgeon, smudge, stodgy, drudge, despondent, abandon, under, dig, Hell, heat, harass, hardship, hard, hit, helpless, horrible, horror, hate, hated, harm, hurtful, hurt.
  6. Mood: Cutting, Jarring, Stinging, Attack. “C”, “K”, and “CK” sounds found in words such as: cutting, cleave, culling, scissors, scythe, sickle, scold, critic, caustic, scalpel, schism, curtail, acid, cold, discourage, scar, flick, quick, whisk, look, hark, awaken, crack, prank, pike, spike, brisk.
  7. Mood: Fun. “F” sounds found in words such as: fun, frivolous, frivolity, free, fancy, footloose, flamboyant, flagrant, effervescence, flair, famous, flighty, flutter, fairies, frisky, flirt, flaunt, flitting, frilly fluff, floating, flying, feathers, foam, flounce, fidget, drift, fops, frolic, flippant, flock, fan, flash, flimsy, finery, flee, frocks, taffeta, flam, ruffles, flossy, flapper, foolish, flutter, fake, estive, fantasy, fast, butterfly, affable, carefree, fabulous, flourish, fling.
  8. Mood: Inertia and/or Yuck. “G” sounds found in words such as: glue, glucose, glutton, grease, congeal, grimy, greasy, quagmire, gurgle, slog, bog, gummy, grunge, grit, grisly, gooey, soggy, clogged, grab.
  9. Mood: Leisurely. “L” sounds found in words such as: lazy, laid-back, linger, limpid, lagoon, light, placid, languid, lie, lethargic, dally, listless, loafer, pleasure, lump, slump, sleep, leisure, lull, sloth, slug, sliding, slipping, slob, sleek, lounging, lax, loose, flaccid.
  10. Mood: Cozy. “M” sounds found in words such as: mother, home, meal, warm, comfort, murmur, mumble, mutter, mercy, mirth, mild, humble, mammal, maternal, molly-coddle, mollify, moon, plump, money, make, made, missed, mellow, amiable, mulled, meek, mare, madonna, womb, mommy, ambience.
  11. Mood: Rejection, Denial. “N” sounds found in words such as: nope, no, nothing, never, nowhere, nobody, deny, sin, decline, ban, non, negative, knave, naughty, none, nick, nay, denigrate, nasty, snide, sneer, nag, narrow, uncouth, unholy, unloved, unwanted.
  12. Mood: Heroes, Royals, Power. “O” sounds represent the ultimate mother or queen while “P” sounds represent the father or king, found in such words as: womb, world, mother, noble, rolling, royal, over, round, globe, orb, goddess, whole, glory, gown, robe, dome, source, home, come, hole, orifice, mound, knob, pompous, rotund, moon, cosmos, total, void, ocean, hero, paternity, pregnant, priority, emperor, pompous, pride, upright, pole, pinnacle, pillar, parental, parent, support, pedestal, post, puffed-up, proper, pipsqueak, peevish, preen, plumage, power, parade, palace, president, prefect, prince, pontiff, principle, patriarch, politics, pomp, peacock, prance, penetrate, push, prong, pierce. queen-2623776_640.jpg
  13. Mood: Foreboding. “Oo” and “Ow” sounds found in words such as: spook, gloom, doom, room, tomb, loom, hoot, mood, moon, owl, soul, howl, ooze, wound, growl, soothsayer.
  14. Mood: Judgement. “P” sounds found in words such as: police, penalty, apprehend, probate, probe, punish, punishment, protocol, deploy, pretend, appeal, parish, population, parole, plea, process, prison, position, parochial.hammer-802303_640
  15. Mood: Quizzical. “Q” sounds found in such words as: quiver, quest, quirk, question, quiz, querulous, quarrelsome, quips, quandary, qualm.
  16. Mood: Speedy, Fast, Fight Scenes. “R” sounds found in words such as: running, rugged, rock, race, rapid, hurry, rush, run, scurry, rip, flurry, car, cart, raging, rearing, torrent, rage, racing, whirr, burst, crack, fracture, rupture, break, grind, rub, crash, scrape, crunch, cripple.
  17. Mood: Secretive. “S” sounds found in words such as: silent, secret, slip, sneak, confession, mystery, suspicious, discreet, whisper, hiss, lisp, specter, spook, sniper, snare, snitch, snatch, snake, snoop.
  18. Mood: Contempt. “SL” sounds found in words such as: slime, slipshod, slippery, slop, slug, slush, slick, slither, sluice, lander, sleazy, slur, slacker, slapdash, sly, slay, slide, slope, slum, swill, slinking, scum.
  19. Mood: Authoritarian. “Str” sounds found in words such as: constrained, instruct, string, strong, strict, instructions, strain, stress, strive, strangle, strike, stronghold, strafe, struggle, strap, stride, astride, strop, straddle.
  20. Mood: Confusion. “Z” sounds found in words such as: maze, haze, dizzy, dazzled, fuzzy, buzz, fizzle, woozy, puzzled, dozing, snoozing, crazy, bamboozled.

What are some of the ways we can use these mood evocations in prose?

  1. Onomatopoeia: The word is the sound. You’ll recognize this technique from comic books. Smash! Boom! Crash! Wham! Boing! Zap!
  2. Alliteration: When two words start with the same sound. Use sparingly and only to emphasize something you want readers to remember later. Can also be effective for memorable titles, such as “Pride and Prejudice”, “Sense and Sensibility”, “War of the Worlds”, “Foxfire Five”.
  3. Assonance: Repeating a vowel sound in the middle of words strung close together. “Fear squeezed Deena’s chest as the moon cooed to her wolf within.”
  4. Consonance: Repeating the same consonant in the middle of words strung closely together. “The lucky attacker struck Deena quickly.”
  5. The Best For Last: End the sentence with the strongest word. “As the full moon enveloped Deena, pain invaded her skull.”